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Tapestry Basics

Welcome to Mirrix Tapestry and Bead Looms!
Start here to learn about weaving tapestry on a a Mirrix Loom.
More interested in bead weaving? Click here.

What is Tapestry?
Tapestry is a type of fiber weaving. It is weft-faced (ie: the warp does not show at all), the wefts are generally discontinuous (they do not go from selvedge (edge) to selvedge (edge)) and it is generally pictorial (like painting a picture with fiber).

What is a Mirrix Loom? From weaving tapestries to rugs to beaded jewelry on thread or wire to combining beads and fiber or even weaving mixed-media pieces; a Mirrix can do it. Check out our Your Work Gallery for some amazing examples of work our customers have made on their looms!

Can a beginner use a Mirrix Loom? While Mirrix Looms are made to meet the needs of a professional bead or tapestry weaver; our looms are great for every level weaver. Check out this blog post for more on this.

Where are Mirrix Looms made? Right here in America! We build Mirrix Looms to last a lifetime and to work as hard as you do. Each loom is put together by hand in our wonderful Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin manufacturing facility. Mirrix Manufacturing is housed at a very special place called Sunshine House. Sunshine House offers supported employment to mentally and physically disabled people. You can learn more about Mirrix at Sunshine House here.

Need help choosing a loom? Click below!

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  • What you Need To Begin

    What do you need to begin weaving tapestry?
    A dedicated tapestry loom with a shedding device. Learn more about the shedding device here.

    Heddles (you can buy these or make your own)
    You do not need heddles if you are not using a shedding device.

    Warp can come in a variety of different fibers including cotton, linen or wool. Your warp is going to be under extreme tension and therefore has to be very strong. You should not be able to easily break it just using your hands.

    A Tapestry Beater
    Tapestry beaters are available in wood, metal or a combination of the two. We sell a wooden version. You can also use a fork if you do not have a tapestry beater.

    The most important quality in a tapestry yarn (which is the weft) is beauty. It doesn’t have to be warm or soft or have any of the yarn qualities you would want for making a sweater. It just has to be beautiful and available in whatever colors you want. If you were to spin your own tapestry yarn you would use the fleece from a sheep with long, lustrous locks. You would not use the fiber from something like a Marino Sheep which has short fuzzy fleece. Short fuzzy fleece is warm, but it does not make for pretty tapestry yarn. For our kits we use Brown Sheep Yarn because it comes in a large variety of gorgeous colors and is a singles yarn. The final product also withstands wear very well. We also use hand-painted Mulberry silk yarn in some of our kits.

    What other accessories can I use when weaving tapestry?

    The Mirrix Treadle or Electric Spencer Treadle
    To make tapestry weaving even faster on a Mirrix Loom, you can add the treadle which allows you to change the shed with your feet, making the process faster. The electric treadle is our electrified version.

    The Mirrix Stand
    Although the stand is not necessary to use with the treadle, combined the stand and treadle can turn your Mirrix Loom into a tapestry floor loom. And, of course, the Mirrix stand can just be used with a loom and no treadle.

    A Bottom Spring Kit 
    A bottom spring kit is most useful for small-scale tapestry, ie: tapestry where you’re using more than 20 ends per inch. It functions to organize your warp on the bottom beam while you’re warping. For non small-scale tapestry, a bottom spring kit is not necessary.

  • Warping

    Warping for tapestry:
    Warping for tapestry is pretty straight forward and tends to be easier than warping for bead weaving because the warp is often thicker and you only use one warp per dent.

    Our warping .pdf for tapestry can be found here: warping for tapestry with the shedding device

    Our tapestry warping video can be found here: warping for tapestry with the shedding device video

    Both of these show how to warp using the shedding device. If you would rather needle-weave and do not want to use the shedding device for tapestry weaving, simply do not put the shedding device on. The rest of the warping procedure is the same. That said, using the shedding device for tapestry is suggested as it makes weaving much faster and easier.

  • Projects, Warp Coils & Techniques

    How do I know what warp coil to use for tapestry?
    This is something you have to experiment with as a tapestry weaver. For finer weft, you will want to use a warp coil with more dents per inch. For thicker weft, you will want to use a warp coil with fewer dents per inch or even warp every other dent. (For example, an 18 dent warp coil every other dent is equal to a 9 dent warp coil.)

    The basic thing to remember is to make sure your warps threads aren’t showing and you must consider the warp set (how far apart your warp threads are, or what warp coil you are using), how thick your weft is and how thick your warp is. One way to determine your weft size is to put your weft in between your warp threads vertically when your loom is warped. If your weft threads are much thicker than the space between the two warp threads, then your weft is probably too thick and if your weft threads are much thinner than you know your weft is too thin.

    Check out this crowd-sourced list to see what yarn and sett combinations others have used.

    You can add to the list here!

    What is a good project for beginners?
    The Tapestry/Bead Cuff Bracelet is the perfect beginner’s project because you can use very simple techniques or more complicated techniques, you can or don’t have to incorporate beads and it’s small enough that you can finish it in a relatively short period of time. This project teaches you many of the skills you need to weave tapestry, but on a smaller and easier scale.

    The tapestry sampler kit from our Craftartedu Online Tapestry Class is also a good starter project.

    Basic diagrams of some tapestry techniques:

    warp interlockhatching
    slit wavy linespick and pick


  • Next Steps

    How do you get started?

    Watch this video:

    Get a book or a class

    Tapestry 101 by Kathe Todd-Hooker: http://www.mirrixlooms.com/store/tapestry-101-by-kathe-todd-hooker/

    Tapestry Weaving by Kirsten Glasbrook: http://www.mirrixlooms.com/store/tapestry-weaving-by-kirsten-glasbrook/

    Online Classes:
    Mirrix’s online tapestry class: http://www.mirrixlooms.com/store/craftartedu-beginner-tapestry-class/

    Rebecca Mezoff’s online tapestry class: http://www.mirrixlooms.com/store/warpandweftclass/

    Or find a class in your area!

    Buy a kit

    like this one 

    woven smart phone case








    or this one.

    woven purse kit






    Download this ebook for a little more on the basics of tapestry weaving:

    Have a question? Email us and ask!